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Current Volume - (122) 2010:
PLUMBEOUS SPRUCE TORTRIX CYMOLOMIA HARTIGIANA (SAXESEN, 1840) (LEP: TORTRICIDAE) NEW TO THE BRITISH ISLES
1 MATTHEW J. DEANS AND 2 JON CLIFTON
1 49C Oak Hill, Hollesley, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 3JY.
2 Kestrel Cottage, Station Road, Hindolveston, Norfolk NR20 5DE.
The first occurrence of Cymolomia hartigiana (Saxesen, 1840) (Lep.: Tortricidae) in the British Isles is reported from Suffolk.
THE CHANGING MOTH AND BUTTERFLY FAUNA OF BRITAIN - THE FIRST DECADE OF THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY (2000-2009)
Butterfly Conservation, Manor Yard, East Lulworth, Wareham, Dorset BH20 5QP.
Broad changes to the British Lepidoptera fauna are summarised, covering those species that have recently colonised the country and those species that may have become extinct. These broad changes are briefly compared with those of the previous century.
BUTTERFLY DIVERSITY FROM A SEQUENTIAL SURVEY
ROBERT MYLER AND LAURENCE M. COOK
Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT (E-mail: email@example.com)
A method is described for using sequential observations to estimate diversity in butterfly communities. Results from a survey in Amazonian rainforest show that it may have potential as a quick way of evaluating habitat quality.
AN INITIAL STUDY OF THE FEEDING AND EGG-LAYING PREFERENCES OF BARK DWELLING PSOCIDS (PSOCOPTERA) USING COMPOSITE BARK BLOCKS
ROBERT E. SAVILLE
20 (2F3) Downfield Place, Edinburgh EH11 2EL (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
In vitro studies on the feeding and egg-laying preferences of a selection of species of Psocoptera were undertaken. It was discovered that Loensia variegata (Latreille), Psocidae, is capable of eating alga (probably mainly Apatococcus lobatus) and the lichen Xanthoria parietina. It did not feed on any of the crustose lichens offered to it or two other foliose lichens. A sample of bare bark showed signs of having been eaten. Eggs were laid primarily on foliose lichens (Parmelia sulcata and Melanelia subaurifera) but also on one of the crustose lichens (Cliostomum griffithii). Trichadenotecnum sexpunctatum (L.), Psocidae, fed upon alga (probably mainly Apatococcus lobatus), the crustose lichen Cliostomum griffithii and the foliose lichens Parmelia sulcata and Xanthoria parietina. No eggs were laid. Pteroxanium kelloggi (Ribaga), Lepisopscocidae, was only found to eat alga (probably mainly Apatococcus lobatus). No eggs were laid. Result of the study using Reuterella helvimacula (Enderlein), Elipsocidae, was inconclusive.
TWO CHANGES IN NOMENCLATURE WITHIN THE GENUS ACROTRICHIS MOTSCHULSKY (COL.: PTILIIDAE) FROM SRI LANKA AND PANAMA
17 Peaknaze Close, Glossop, Derbyshire SK13 6UN (E-mail: email@example.com)
Two new nomenclatural changes within the genus Acrotrichis (Coleoptera, Ptiliidae) are reported.
CELYPHA WOODIANA (BARRETT) (LEP.: TORTRICIDAE)– AN UPDATE
MARK PARSONS 1AND JAMES MCGILL 2
1 Butterfly Conservation, Manor Yard, East Lulworth, Wareham, Dorset BH20 5QP
13 Cresswell Avenue, Staplegorve, Taunton, Somerset TA2 6LS
A survey for Celypha woodiana, coordinated by Butterfly Conservation, was undertaken
during 2009, finding the species at new sites and providing additional insights
ecology of the species as well as identifying some potential threats.
SP. NOV. – A SURPRISING NEW SKIPPER BUTTERFLY FROM CAMEROUN AND THE
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (LEP.: HESPERIIDAE)
TORBEN B. LARSEN
Jacobys alle 2, 1806 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
As part of preparatory work for a monograph on the skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae)
Afrotropical Region a remarkably distinctive new species from Cameroun and
democratic Republic of Congo was discovered and is here described as Gorgyra
sp.nov. Its closest relative is Gorgyra subflavidus Holland, 1896 from the
coastal forests of
East Africa (Kenya and Tanzania), a distinct biogeographical subregion.
PATROLLING CONTINUUM AT FAVOURED HILLTOP SITES ON A RIDGE: A MATE LOCATION
STRATEGY BY THE PURPLE
EMPEROR BUTTERFLY APATURA IRIS
R. J. C. PAGE
11, White Cottage Close, Farnham, Surrey GU9 0NL.
One of the mate location strategies of the Purple Emperor butterfly Apatura
includes the daily aggregation of males at favoured landmark sites from approximately
The flight behaviour of male A. iris was studied at two sites supporting daily
of males, along a ridge in a predominately broadleaved woodland during the
flight period in
2007 & 2008. Flight behaviour consisted mainly of conspecific and patrol
flights within the
continuum from perching to patrolling. Thirty-nine percent of the observed
flights were timed
and the mean duration used to provide an approximation of activity. Male–male
conspecific flights lasted longer with a mean of 54.07 seconds, but were less
patrol flights, which had a mean duration of 14.87 seconds without encounters.
overcast skies reduced activity whereas wind and temperature alone had less
BRITISH DISTRIBUTION OF ARICIA LEP: LYCAENIDAE
164 Dobcroft Road, Sheffield S11 9LH.
The genus Aricia in Britain is represented by three taxa, Brown Argus, Aricia
agestis (d.& S. 1775), Northern Brown Argus, Aricia artaxerxes (Fabricius,
1793) and Brown Argus
hybrids (Aricia agestis ?? artaxerxes). It is necessary to decide on boundaries
three ‘races’ so that any locality where the butterfly occurs can
be adequately categorised in
order to construct a national distribution map. Parts of the large lunulation
data bank are
used to provide figures which allow any colony or area to be classified into
one of the above
three taxa. Where relevant, broad similarities between information via genetic
male upper forewing lunulation are mentioned.
NEW TO THE BULGARIAN AND EUROPEAN FAUNA (LEPIDOPTERA: TORTRICIDAE)
1 BOYAN ZLATKOV & 2 YURIY BUDASHKIN
1 Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of Biology,
Dept. of Zoology and Anthropology, 8 Dragan
Tsankov Blvd., BG-1164 Sofia, Bulgaria (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
2 Karadagh Nature Reserve, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kurortnoye, Feodosia,
Crimea, 98188, Ukraine
Dichrorampha inconspiqua (danilevsky, 1948) (= inconspicua misspelling) is
the first time for Europe and Phtheochroa reisseri (Razowski, 1970), Cnephasia
Razowski, 1958, Cydia intexta (Vl. Kuznetzov, 1962), C. conjunctana (Möschler,
Pammene querceti (Gozmany, 1957) are reported as new for the Bulgarian fauna,
several dry rocky localities in the valley of the Struma River. Information
habitats is given. Some peculiar characters of the Bulgarian specimens of D.
are commented upon and illustrated and the correct spelling of the specific
inconspiqua is briefly discussed.
NOTES ON THE
EARLY STAGES OF THE TRIANGLE HETEROGENEA ASELLA ([D. & S.], 1775) (LEP.: LIMACODIDAE)
1 R. J. HECKFORD, 2 B. P. HENWOOd & 3 S. D. BEAVAN
1 67 Newnham
Road, Plympton, Plymouth, Devon PL7 4AW. 2 6 Lakeland, Abbotskerswell, Newton
Devon TQ12 5YF.
3 The Hayes, Zeal Monachorum, Devon EX17 6DF.
Observations were made on the larva of Heterogenea asella ([d.& S.],
1775), in Devon,
England, including descriptions of the first instar, feeding signs and other
larval evidence as
well as cocoon formation and incidence of parasitism.
(EMERY, 1895) (HYM.: FORMICIDAE) NEW TO BRITAIN FROM DUNGENESS, EAST KENT
P. J. ATTEWELL, ² C. A. COLLINGWOOD AND³ A. GODFREY
¹ 69 Thornbury Gardens, Boreham Wood, Herts, WD6 1RD, UK
email: email@example.com² 18, Milton Street, Skipton, N. Yorks, BD23 2ED, UK³ 90 Bence Lane, Darton, Barnsley, S. Yorks, S75 5DA, UK
Ponera testacea (Emery) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) is recorded from Britain
for the first
time. Its determination by morphology and morphometrics from specimens collected
Dungeness, East Kent is discussed and its currently known European status is
Keywords: Ponera testacea, Britain, East Kent, dungeness, morphometrics.
ON THE USE OF WING-MARKINGS AND GENITALIA TO DISTINGUISH DARK-BARRED TWIN-SPOT
XANTHORHOE FERRUGATA (CL.) AND RED TWIN-SPOT CARPET
X. SPADICEARIA ([D. & S.]). (LEP.: GEOMETRIDAE) AND ON THE
IMPLICATIONS FOR RECORDING THESE SPECIES
26 Bartholomew Road, Oxford OX4 3QQ.
Differences in wing markings between Xanthorhoe ferrugata (Cl.) and X. spadicearia
[(d.& S.)] (Geometridae) are discussed. Examination of a long series of
that presence of a notch in the inner edge of the central forewing fascia near
the costa, is an
unreliable determining feature. Approximately one third of X. spadicearia and
X. ferrugata are notched. The degree of contrast between the pale post-median
the terminal and sub-terminal areas, and other features of banding are useful
can in combination be used to safely identify many specimens. The red-banded
forms in spadicearia form a continuum and are not clearly distinct as in the
and red-banded forms of ferrugata. Examples with bold underside markings are
likely to be spadicearia. Recording bias created by use of the notch is likely
ferrugata and would therefore have partly masked any decline in ferrugata.
decline in ferrugata, as recorded in long term light trap data, is unlikely
to have been
affected by any bias. The apparent scarcity of the typical form of ferrugata
(with red median
forewing fascia) would appear to be genuine.
OF THE STATUS OF DIACHRYSIA STENOCHRYSIS (WARREN, 1913) AND ITS POSSIBLE
OCCURRENCE IN BRITAIN AS A
SIBLING OF D. CHRYSITIS (L.) (LEP.: NOCTUIDAE)
COLIN W. PLANT
14 West Road, Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire CM23 3QP.
The status of the taxon Diachrysia stenochrysis (Warren, 1913) is discussed.
examples of the forma juncta Tutt, 1892 (= Diachrysia tutti Kostrowicki, 1961)
Burnished Brass moth Diachrysia chrysitis (L., 1758) are, according to European
referable to this taxon. This paper reviews the evidence for whether the two
regarded as full species or as subspecies and calls for research into distribution,
and ecology of British populations to complement that already undertaken elsewhere,
well as specific DNA studies to determine the true status of this taxon.
(ZELLER, 1847) (LEP.: TORTRICIDAE) STAT. REV. NEWLY RECOGNISED AS BRITISH
JOHN R. LANGMAID AND²DAVID J. L. AGASSIZ
¹ Wilverley, 1 Dorrita Close, Southsea, Hampshire PO4 0NY
email: firstname.lastname@example.org² The Natural History Museum, Cromwell
Road, London SW7 5BD email: email@example.com
Cnephasia pumicana (Zeller, 1847) stat. rev. is distinguished from C. pasiuana
1796-99), differences in the male and female genitalia are described and illustrated
occurrence of C. pumicana in Britain is discussed.
INSECTS OF WAVENEY
FOREST (FRITTON WARREN)
IN EAST NORFOLK
2 Beech Road, Rivenhall, Witham, Essex CM8 3PF
Waveney Forest in East Norfolk is a coniferous plantation with remnant heathland
threatened by gravel extraction proposals. Surveys have revealed that the forest,
the dry and wet heathland, provides habitat for 25 butterfly (Lepidoptera)
dragonfly/damselfly (Odonata) sp., and 12 grasshopper/cricket (Orthoptera)
sp. The forest is
notable for its widespread population of White Admiral Limenitis camilla L.
butterflies such as Brown Argus Plebeius agestis d. & S. and Wall Brown
megera L. Where the forest fringes the River Waveney, there is a population
of the protected
Norfolk hawker Aeshna isosceles Müller dragonfly.
TO THE BULGARIAN MACROLEPIDOPTERA
FAUNA (LEPIDOPTERA: GEOMETRIDAE, NOCTUIDAE)
National Museum of Natural History, Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd.1, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria.
One genus, five species and one subspecies are reported for first time in the
Bulgaria with firm data. Acontia candefacta (hb.) is also new for the Balkan
Idaea spissilimbaria (Mabille) is confirmed for Bulgaria.
(MEYRICK, 1833) (LEP.: OECOPHORIDAE SENSU
STRICTO): AN ADVENTIVE MOTH NEW TO THE BRITISH FAUNA
1LAURIE OAKES, 1HELEN OAKES, 2JON CLIFTON & 3COLIN W. PLANT
1Bollogas Cottage, Buryas Bridge, Penzance, Cornwall TR19 6AP
2Kestrel Cottage, Station Road, Hindolveston, Norfolk NR20 5DE
314 West Road, Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire CM23 3QP
Barea absolaea (Meyrick, 1833) (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae) is recorded for
time from the British Isles from Cornwall. The adult male and the male genitalia
illustrated and recognition features are presented. The moth may have been
with imported plants from Australia and may have adapted to other food sources
a naturalised population that may or may not extend its range. Although large
males have been attracted to light traps, no females have been recorded so
A NOTE ON THE
EARLY STAGES OF
OLETHREUTES SCHULZIANA (FABRICIUS, 1776) (LEP.:
R. J. HECKFORD
67 Newnham Road, Plympton, Plymouth, Devon PL7 4AW.
An account is given of the larva of Olethreutes schulziana (Fabricius, 1776)
Crowberry Empetrum nigrum and Heather Calluna vulgaris in the British Isles.
appears to be no prior record of the larva having been found in the British
according to continental European literature, Empetrum nigrum has not been
RECORDS OF BARYPROCTUS BARYPUS
(MARSHALL) (HYM., BRACONIDAE) FROM NORTH KENT WITH
NOTES ON VARIATION
14 St. John’s Avenue, Sittingbourne, Kent ME10 4NE.
Distributional and morphological data for Baryproctus barypus (Marshall) in
TWO NEW SPECIES
OF NOCTUIDAE (LEPIDOPTERA), SUBFAMILIES
HYPENODINAE AND HYPENINAE, FROM FIJI
15 Whinny Brae, Broughty Ferry, Dundee. DD5 2HU.
A collection of moths from Fiji from the period 1991 – 1998 has revealed
undescribed species of Noctuidae which are described here as Fealathina angustivalva
and Hypena rubrescens sp.n.
REVIEW OF 2009
1 J. R. LANGMAID ANd 2 M. R. YOUNG
1Wilverley, 1 Dorrita Close, Southsea, Hampshire PO4 0NY
2School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ
Noteworthy records of microlepidoptera collected during 2009 are summarised,
seven species new to the British Isles and numerous new vice-county records.
AND DISPERSAL ABILITY OF CRYPTOCEPHALUS
NITIDULUS (LINNAEUS, 1758) (COL.: CHRYSOMELIDAE)
R.W. PIPER AND S. G. COMPTON
20 Trinity Street, Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire CM23 3TJ.
Using mark-release-recapture, host plant marking and direct observations we
population size estimates and information on the dispersal ability of the Nationally
Endangered beetle Cryptocephalus nitidulus. The studied sub-population was
consist of 666 (±S.E. 281) adult beetles. It appears that C. nitidulus
moves through its
habitat by using suitable host-plants as ‘stepping stones’. Sub-populations
relatively small areas of unsuitable habitat (e.g. open ground or dense woodland)
effectively isolated. The relatively small population sizes of this beetle
and its association
with transient, successional habitats makes it vulnerable to local extinctions.
In addition, the
limited dispersal ability of Cryptocephalus nitidulus means that other patches
habitat are unlikely ever to be colonised naturally.
A NEW GENUS AND SPECIES OF TELENOMINAE
(HYM., PLATYGASTROIDEA: SCELIONIDAE) FROM ITALY
1 GIOVANNI MINEO, 2 JAMES P. O’CONNOR & 3 PATRICK ASHE
1 Viale Michelangelo 200, 90145 Palermo, Italy
2 National Museum of Ireland, Kildare Street, Dublin 2, Ireland
3 33 Shelton Drive, Terenure, Dublin 12, Ireland
A new genus Ioseppinella and new species Ioseppinella serena (Hymenoptera,
Platygastroidea: Scelionidae) are described from Italy based on a male